Getting Started Menu:  Consonants Vowels Syllables Typing Hangeul

Unlike English, each Hangeul letter is a syllabic block in a square box-like diagram combined with a vowel(s) and a consonant(s). The letters—both vowels and consonants—were designed to fit together. Depending on the vowel / consonant combination, the writing of a syllable can take six different forms.

Consider the vowels you’ve learned. Some stand upright, while others are horizontal on the page. When you pair a consonant with a vowel, then, you will naturally form a syllable that works with the way the vowel is written. Look through the examples below.

1

A side-by-side arrangement of consonant/vowel works only with the following vowels:ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅣ ㅐ ㅒ ㅔ ㅖ

When you pair a consonant with one of these vowels, the shape may change a little. For example:  (kiyoek) and (a)  become 

Can you tell which consonants have been paired with which vowels in the examples below? (Hint: Roll over each syllable to check your answers.)

          

2

A top-down arrangement of consonant / vowel works only with the following vowels: ㅗ  ㅛ  ㅜ  ㅠ  ㅡ

When you pair a consonant with one of these vowels, the shapes stay pretty much the same. For example: (kiyoek) and (ŭ) become 

Can you tell which consonants have been paired with which vowels in the examples below? (Hint: Roll over each syllable to check your answers.)

           

3

When syllables have a combination of vowels, the arrangement gets a little more complicated. But no matter how complicated it may seem, remember that the letters were designed to fit together into a box-like shape. Consider the following pairs of vowels:

ㅘ  = ㅗ + ㅏ

ㅝ = ㅜ + ㅓ

ㅚ = ㅗ + 

ㅙ = ㅗ + 

ㅞ = ㅜ + 

ㅟ = ㅜ + 

ㅢ = ㅡ + 

Now imagine fitting these pairs together with a consonant. It will look something like this:  (kiyoek) and  (o) and (a) = 

Can you tell which vowel pairs have been combined with which consonants in the examples below?

의  뒤  와  놔  과  귀  왜

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